Youth and Culture in Namibia
BACKGROUND ON NAMIBIA
Namibia is the last colony in Africa to attain Independence. The Republic of Namibia,
lying across the Tropic of Capricorn, has a population of about 1.8 million and covers an
area of 824.292 sq km. It is bordered by South Africa in the south, by Botswana on the
east and Angola on the north, while the narrow Caprivi Strip in north east extends
Namibia's borders to the Zambezi river and a short border with Zambia. The name
Namibia was officially adopted by the United Nations in 1968. lt replaced the colonial
name of ' South West Africa'. The name derives from one of the oldest deserts in the
world, the Namib. The desert forms a narrow plain 65-16km wide and extending 1 600km
along the coast, separating the rest of the country from the south Atlantic Ocean. The fine
sand of Namib forming huge sand dunes cover one fifth of the country. Namibia's major
resource, diamond and uranium, is to be found in the fine sand of the Namib desert.
However, the area is almost devoid of vegetation and therefore near to uninhabitable. The
eastern parts of Namibia is covered by a semi-desert, the Kalahari, were there is some
vegetation. In Ovamboland, the northern parts ofthe Kalahari, crop cultivation is possible,
due to a network of watercourses known as 'oshanas'. In between the Namib and the
Kalahari deserts lie the Central Plateau with an average elevation of 11 OOm above sealeveL
It covers one half of the country. "The Plateau stretching the full length of the
country, is Namibia's most fertile area and thus most suitable for human settlement. In its
northern parts, the Plateau is suitable mostly for cattle-rearing but also for crop cultivation
on a limited scale. The southern part is much dryer, covered with shrub steppe and it is
unsuitable for anything but cattle, goat and/or sheep-rearing. Average annual rainfall is
270mm and droughts are frequent. Namibia has the driest climate south of Sahara."
(Strand: 1991 ).
The implication of the above mentioned is that vineyards cannabis coca plant or opium
poppies is not cultivated in Namibia, and that all substances of abuse are imported.
Alcohol; Drugs; Adictions; Youth
Type of publication|
Maree, M. 1998. Youth and Culture in Namibia: International Council on Alcohol and Addiction: 1-5.
Windhoek - University of Namibia
Added to C-A: 2020-11-05;08:33:46|
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