Drought Management Strategies among Agro-Pastoral Communities in Non-E quilibrium Kalahari Ecosystems
Mogotsi, K.; Nyangito, M.M.; Nyariki, D.M.
Rural Kalahari communities whose livelihoods are heavily dependent on rain-fed agriculture are
exposed to increasing intensity and frequency of drought spells. Subsequently their resilience is gradually
being eroded and they are left increasingly vulnerable. This study unearths and highlights the myriad measures
employed by small scale agro-pastoralists to cope with and adapt to droughts. Such strategies include enrolling
in the government's Labor Intensive Public Works Programer, harvesting larvae of Imbrasia belina
(West wood) moth for consumption and/or sale, supplementary feeding of livestock, providing water for
livestock and selling part of the livestock herd while some households moved livestock to better grazing areas
within the communal area and sought alternative sources of income outside agriculture. This fluidity and
flexibility is necessary to manage the often harsh and unpredictable environment communities operate under.
But more importantly, some of these currently used measures could be enhanced to buffer Kalahari
agro-pastoralists from anticipated future dry spells in the Southern African region.
Adaptation; Botswana; Coping; Drought; Kalahari; Semi-arid; Strategies
Type of publication|
Environmental Research Joumal 5 (4)'. 156-162,2011; 994-5396
Nairobi - University of Nairobi
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