Improving the Teaching of English Language: Dealing with Large Heterogeneous Classes
In Ghana, the medium of instruction in schools and the language of
official business is English. However, many people in the country complain about
the falling standard of the language. Over the years, the chief examiners' reports
on SSS English examinations indicate that there is a crisis in the language and
communication skills of the students in Ghana.
To help solve the language problem, some researchers have identified a
number of weaknesses in students' writing which have to be addressed by
teachers. This work is different. It is a case study which identifies the issue of
poor handling of large heterogeneous classes by teachers, as a probable reason
why many students cannot communicate effectively even after they have gone
through the English language programme for SSS students. Two SSS classrooms
of the Tema Methodist Day Secondary School were investigated for the purpose
of this research.
The results obtained after classroom observation and analyses of data
show that students in the classrooms are from diverse linguistic, socio-economic
and cultural backgrounds, which seem to have some influence on their ability to
communicate well. Again, teachers use classroom activities and textbooks which
do not seem to cater for the needs of students.
This work identifies the specific needs of the students and offers a range
of suitable activities and teaching methods which may be used by the teachers
who handle such large heterogeneous classes.
Teaching; English Language; Ghana; Tema Methodist Day Secondary School
University of Ghana
Type of publication|
Accra - University of Ghana
Added to C-A: 2022-05-11;10:15:10|
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