Red-light-running in a Ghanaian metropolis
Ojo, T.K.; Teye-Kwadjo, E.; Obiri-Yeboah, A.; Appiah, A.B.
Background: Red-light-running (RLR) is a major cause of road traffic crashes in Ghana. Yet, there is limited
scientific research on RLR in Ghana. This study employed the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) and logistic
regression models to understand RLR behaviour in the Cape Coast Metropolis, Ghana. An understanding of such
behaviour would enable the design of behavioural and technological interventions including change commu-
nications and nudges to pro-driver behaviours.
Methods: A naturalistic exploratory road-side observational design of drivers at three (3) signalized intersections
in the Cape Coast Metropolis was conducted from 17th-23rdApril, 2021. A structured observational checklist was
used to collect data on motorists in two (2) phases (7:00'9:00 am and 3:00'5:00 pm) each day for seven (7) days
at the University of Cape Coast (UCC), Pedu Junction and Interbeton Junction traffic light intersections. Data
captured included RLR, gender, age group of the driver, type of vehicle, and presence of other passengers. Data
was entered and analyzed using STATA IC version 15. Bivariate and Multivariable Logistic regression analysis
was done at p < 0.05 and 95% confidence interval.
Results: A total of 5,045 motorists were observed at three (3) traffic lights within the seven (7) days with the
majority being male (94.4%), aged 25'45 years (77.4%), and on a Friday (18.6%). A low rate of RLR (13.3%)
[Pedu Junction traffic lights (15.1%), UCC (12.7%) and Interbeton Junction (10.8%)] in the metropolis. Drivers
entering the UCC Gate-Campus were 1.54 times more likely to engage in RLR than were those leaving campus,
and vehicles without passengers were 1.27 times more likely to engage in RLR, compared to those with one or
more passengers. Motorists were less likely to make an RLR offence on weekdays as compared to Saturday.
Conclusion: The officials of the National Road Safety Authority (NRSA) and Motor Transport and Traffic
Department of the Ghana Police Service should educate drivers on the danger associated with RLR and arrest and
prosecute errant ones to serve as a deterrent.
Red-light-running; Theory of planned behaviour; Drivers; Ghana
Type of publication|
Accra - University of Ghana
Added to C-A: 2022-07-14;07:18:51|
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