Arab socialism, human resources development policies and labour control in an Egyptian state enterprise
Ereisha, Mohamed M.
In 1961, Egypt's major industries were taken into public ownership.
This was accompanied by the enactment of a series of Laws which provided
workers with guaranteed wages, protection against dismissal, and a
package of other benefits. Bureaucratization took over and public
enterprise was brought under the operational sphere of the Civil
The present study considers the impact of Arab socialism on the
effectiveness of rewards and sanctions as a'means of control of workers
in a state textile enterprise in Egypt. This involved an interview
survey of a sample of workers and management to investigate the
workers' orientation to work and the company's human resources development
policies. The study was particularly concerned with the payment system,
promotion, performance appraisal and discipline.
The findings reveal that the workers are instrumentally oriented, and
that years of employment experience is the most important variable in
wages d9termination. Prospect of promotion has little effect on workers
because the chances of promotion in the company are limited and also
there are wide overlaps in the wages and salary structure. Workers,
and management' responses indicate that performance appraisal neither
reflects workers' performance nor their behaviour. Disciplinary
sanctions are not effective because of the protection provided to the
workers by socialist laws, and also because the company suffers from
shortages of labour. The workers respond to labour control mechanisms
in the company in different ways. Four 'typical' responses were
revealed in the study: stayers with no second job, stayers with a
second job, workers planning to'quit and victims of the system.
A final part seeks to link control of workers in public enterprise
with the situation in the society at large, comparing the Egyptian
case with some other developing countries. Finally, two proposals
to revive control at the workplace are considered.
Labor; Political; science; Public; administration
University of Edinburgh
Type of publication
PhD Doctor of Philosophy
Edinburgh - University of Edinburgh
Added to C-A: 2022-08-22;11:49:56
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