An assessment of social protection and the living conditions of the elderly: A study of Omatunda village, Ohangwena region
Haukena, Kulaumone M
A research submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts (Development Studies)
In Africa, ageing is a phenomenon that is just beginning to reveal its shape. Most
governments, including the Government of the Republic of Namibia, acknowledge the increasing number of older persons. Social protection interventions usually include measures to provide adequate housing and nutrition, ensure access to education, health and promote social inclusion and political stability. The lack of access to social protection constitutes a major obstacle to the socio-economic development and wellbeing of the elderly.
This was a mixed method descriptive design: a study of Omatunda village, Ohangwena Region of Namibia. The primary objective of the study was to determine
the extent to which the Namibian social protection scheme affords to bring a decent
living for the rural elderly people in Omatunda village. Purposive sampling was used
to select a sample from the population of elderly people above the age of 60 and living in Omatunda village rural Namibia.
The results show that about 76% of the respondents were female, while 24% were
male. The majority of the respondents 47.6% were between the ages of 70 ' 79 years.
The majority of the respondents 52.4% were married and 23.8% were a widow.
Furthermore, 14.3% were never married, while 9.5% were divorced. About 100% of
the elderly people interviewed were receiving Government grant (pension) every
month as their main source of income, however, only 43% were satisfied with the
amount they are receiving, they perceived the social assistance grant as enabling them to provide the necessities of life and to pay their grandchildren's school fees. However,about 57% of the elderly were displeased with the grant, which means 48% were neutral and 9.5% were unsatisfied at all. The study revealed that the respondents do use pension funds for a lot of their basic needs, however, noted that all the needs are not covered. Furthermore, the study revealed that there is a public health facility in the area where elderly people are receiving medical care free of charge, only 57% were satisfied with the health service to them, 43% were not satisfied due to long waiting time in the queue as well as the frequently stock out of essential medicines.
Although the study revealed that the general health condition of the majority of the
respondents is reported to be good, this does not mean that they are unrestricted from challenges. Like many other people, elderly people are faced with numerous
challenges which are both social and economic. The study concluded that the old-age pension fund is regarded as a most vital source of income for many households and it is used to improve the living condition of the elderly.
Social protection; Socio-economic; Elderly
University of Namibia
Type of publication|
Windhoek - University of Namibia
Added to C-A: 2022-09-28;10:46:58|
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